Demystifying the key ideas of the world's greatest philosophers, and exploring all of the most important branches of thought, including philosophy of science, philosophy of religion, and feminist philosophy in a uniquely visual way, this resource is the perfect introduction to the subject.
Foundations. The source of everything ; Cosmic origins ; Sacred geometry ; All is flux ; All is one ; Zeno's paradoxes ; Elements and forces ; Immortal seeds ; Atomic theory ; Examining ideas ; Platonic realms ; Plato's allegory of the cave ; One world only ; Form is function ; An earth-centered cosmos ; Purposes in nature ; Scholastic philosophy ; Transubstantiation ; Occam's razor ; The scientific revolution ; Doubting the world ; Mind and body ; The body as machine ; the one substance ; The blank slate ; An infinity of minds ; Facts and ideas ; Shaping the world with the mind ; Kinds of truth ; Reality as a process ; The end of history ; Class conflict in history ; Useful truths ; The value of truth ; Ideas as tools -- Analytic philosophy. What does a word mean? ; Russell's theory of descriptions ; Picturing the world ; Meaning and observation ; Dispensing with metaphysics ; A private language is impossible ; Wittgenstein's language-games ; Science and falsification ; The nature of scientific truth ; Words as actions ; Scientific revolutions ; Points of view ; Feminist epistemology -- Continental philosophy. Objects in the mind ; Phenomenology ; Time consciousness ; What is it like to be human? ; Life before death ; Freedom and identity ; The "other" ; Gender identity ; The lived body ; Critical theory ; Power plays ; Deconstruction ; Feminist postmodernism -- Philosophy of mind. Dualism ; The limits of language ; Behaviorism ; The mind-brain identity theory ; Eliminative materialism ; Functionalism ; Biological naturalism ; Panpsychism ; The nature of the body -- Right and wrong. Rules and principles ; Ethics and the law ; Free will? ; Do we have moral knowledge? ; Does moral truth exist? ; The fact-value distinction ; Aristotle's virtue ethics ; Humean ethics ; Deontology ; Utilitarianism ; Existentialist ethics ; Animal rights ; Euthanasia ; Cloning -- Political philosophy. Who should rule? ; Justifying absolute rule ; Government by the people ; Popular sovereignty ; How are property rights justified? ; Consent and obligation ; What rights should people enjoy? ; Kinds of liberty ; Should rights be limited? ; How should we manage change? ; To work is human nature ; Making more objective political decisions ; Perspectivism and politics ; A just war? ; Woman and patriarchy -- Logic. Rationality ; Recognizing arguments ; Analyzing arguments ; Evaluating arguments ; Deductive arguments ; Inductive arguments ; Fallacies ; Formal logic.